Dr. Olga Pyshchulina is a principal consultant of Social
Relationship and Civil Society Department of the National
Institute of Strategic Studies under the President of the
Ukraine. She is a leading Ukrainian expert on trafficking,
illegal migration and women issues in the Ukraine. She specializes
in women's human right status in the Ukraine via legislation
improvement and human rights protection. Her expertise in
women's issues include human smuggling and trafficking,
women migration and women in the labor market.
Dr. Pyshchulina received her undergraduate degree (cum
laude) from Kharkov State University in Economics. She holds
a PhD in Sociology from the Kharkov National University.
In 1998 she was a Consultant for American University (Washington
D.C.) on the project "Prevention of Trafficking in
Women in Russia and Ukraine"(AU is the recipient of
a United States Information Agency Grant). She is the recipient
of a Contemporary Issue Program (administrated by IREX)
under a State Department grant, the DAAD grant. She has
received grants from the World Bank, Soros Foundation, Bureau
of Educational and Cultural Affairs of USDS, and IREX. Dr.
Pyshchulina participated in the John Smith Fellowship Program
(Administrated by DFID, British Council and John Smith Memorial
Trust), CEU, Summer course of Human Rights .
The results of her research were presented at more than
10 international conferences in Europe and the USA and in
3 books and 35 publications in Ukrainian and International
journals. Dr. Pyshchulina has guest lectured at American
University, Washington, DC and delivered speeches at Radio
Liberty Washington, DC. She has taken part in a number of
international conferences such as the Joint Conference between
ISA and CEEISA, Budapest, 2003, UE/IOM STOP European
Conference on Combating Trafficking in Human Being - European
- a Global Challenge for 21st Century. Under the High
Patronage of H.R.M. the King of the Belgians, September
2002, European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium, Preparatory
Committee II for World Summit for Sustainable Development,
New York, April 2002 and others.
An Evaluation of Ukrainian legislation to Counter and
Criminalize Human Trafficking - Demokratizatsiya (Heldref
Feminology - Dictionary (2001), Women Political Representation
Women in the Labour Market - (1999), as well as
numerous articles and book chapters on all aspects of human
trafficking, gender and social issue.
Trafficking in Human Beings and Illegal Immigration
as a Security Problem
The focus of proposed project is studying human trafficking
and illegal migration of women. Human Trafficking is a growing
transnational criminal phenomenon. Numerous governmental
and non-governmental organizations and agencies around the
globe have recognized the problem and raised it at the highest
national and international levels. Increased economic globalization
and privatization has resulted in an increased feminization
of poverty, forcing greater numbers of women worldwide to
migrate in search of work. Many of these migrants end up
as victims of illegal and unscrupulous trafficking networks.
The problem of trafficking remains too narrowly defined
in many countries and that the social, employment and migration
aspects of trafficking are too often ignored. The objectives
of the current project are:
- To collect data including on the character and scale
of trafficking and the trafficking and exploitation mechanisms
deployed by the organized criminal groups.
- To develop better indicators of human trafficking which
help to improve the data sharing among all relevant institution;
- Specifies and updates the meaning of the term "sexual
exploitation" "border crossing", "consent",
or "systematic" and "organized
group", differences between "human trafficking"
- Clearly define what is to be understood by "trafficking
in person". It refers to a certain number of offenses
included in the Criminal Code which are a component of
trafficking in person.
- Determine the impact of human trafficking, including
both the profits made and the role of trafficking in the
underground economy. Development of a good perception
and analysis of factors that creates a social and cultural
"climate" favorable to exploitation and disregard
of individuals' human rights.
The data will be collected using different methods: in-depth
interviews, some survey data and the mass media. The mass
media in the USA will be monitored to determine the extent
of human trafficking in the world, the public response to
the problem and the governmental response to the problem.
Further, will be conduct a total of 100 in-depth interviews
with law enforcement officials, political experts, judges,
sociologists and other relevant US professionals. The interviews
will focus on the most critical problems of the human trafficking,
including main measures of prevention, victims' assistance
and prosecution. Study the latest materials and relevant
publications on the subject; to discuss possibilities of
application of the US experience in Ukrainian legal practices;
to have experienced professionals' supervision and comments
of the study.
Using knowledge and practical experience of US law enforcement,
especially INS agents, federal prosecutors, and US Customs
investigators will help the Ukrainian government in fighting
sex-trade activities. This research will also set up a process
for cutting off non-humanitarian aid to internal structures
that tolerate or condone trafficking and promote partnerships
between and among all the different actors (such as law
enforcement, social authorities, juridical and migration